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Highest Export in Fruits Realized with Tangerine

According to the crucial information shared by Aegean Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Exporters’ Association about fresh fruit and vegetable exports, exports in this product group totaled 2 billion 953 million dollars. Exports of fruit and vegetable products increased by 25% compared to last year and reached 2 billion 525 million dollars. The export volume of these two product groups reached 5.5 million dollars.

Tangerine was the most demanded product among fruits. After tangerine, the top five products in exports are as follows: tomatoes, lemons, grapes, and apples. These products were followed by cherries, pomegranates, nectarines, oranges, and peaches. 

2022 Became the Year of Tangerine

Türkiye, which is among the top three countries in world tangerine exports, exported 453 million dollars of tangerine in 2021. Also, tangerine exports reached 465.5 million dollars in 2022. 

Russia and Ukraine are among the countries showing the highest demand for tangerine, which is the export champion in fruit. In 2022, 65% of total tangerine exports were realized to Russia. The foreign income for this export is worth $302 million. Tomatoes ranked second with $377.4 million worth of exports and lemons third place with $272,9 million. 

Russia’s Demand For Turkish Products Increased

The Aegean Exporters’ Association has an important place in exports with its agricultural production and agriculture-based industry. The Association has achieved significant success by closing the year 2022 with an increase in exports. Exports of fresh fruit and vegetable products reached 1 billion 250 million dollars with an increase of 6% compared to the previous year.

Exports were realized to 198 countries and regions last year through the Aegean Exporters’ Associations. The top five countries with the highest exports were Germany, the USA, Russia, the UK, and the Netherlands.

Hayrettin Uçak, The President of the Aegean Fresh Fruits and Vegetable Exports’ Association, said that the Aegean region attaches importance to efforts to increase agricultural production and diversity. In addition, he said that they realize approximately 20% of Türkiye’s fruit and vegetable production. 

Uçak Made Important Explanations About Fruit Exports

President Uçak stated that they sell some of their products fresh and some of them industrialized and sold as finished products. The Aegean region accounts for 22% of Türkiye’s exports. In particular, İzmir’s satsuma tangerine is unique with its aroma, peel, quality, and flavor. These unique features have enabled tangerine to take first place in exports.

Uçak stated that the Russian and Ukrainian market has an important place, especially in fresh fruits and vegetables. He added the following to his words: “As an association, we also export to European countries and the Far East, but the majority of our exports are to Russia. One of the reasons why this demand has increased gradually in recent years is the Russia-Ukraine War. Due to some restrictions imposed by the European Union, Russia supplies many products from Türkiye.”

In addition to all this, Uçak emphasized that the products grown in Türkiye have a long shelf life and are good in terms of taste and quality. Uçak said that they believe that they will increase the exports of the Aegean Region in 2023 and added that as an association, they have set an export target of 1 billion 400 million dollars.

Türkiye’s Status in Tangerine Exports 

Türkiye is one of the important countries in the world for citrus production. Due to favorable ecological conditions, citrus cultivation is developing rapidly every year. In recent years, the significant increase in the number of citrus trees has led to an increase in both production and exports. Citrus production in Turkey is carried out in Adana, Mersin, Hatay, Muğla, and Osmaniye provinces where the Mediterranean climate is dominant. The Mediterranean region accounts for 92% of Türkiye’s total tangerine production. The production periods of citrus varieties grown in Türkiye vary according to their types. However, citrus production generally starts in September and counties until May.

According to the current data shared by TUIK, Türkiye produced approximately 5.4 million tonnes of citrus fruits in 2021. Tangerines accounted for 34% and 1 million 819 thousand tonnes of this production. In recent years, Türkiye’s focus on tangerine production has also been reflected in export figures. Furthermore, 44% of the tangerine varieties produced in Turkey are Satsuma.

Turkey’s Exports Break a Record of $254 Billion in 2022

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan made a significant speech in the first days of 2023, where he announced the 2022 foreign trade data of Turkey. In his speech, President Erdoğan said that Turkey increased its exports by 12.9% in 2022 compared to last year, reaching 254.2 billion dollars. This figure was recorded as the highest export figure in the history of the Republic of Turkey. 

Economic Growth Realized in 2022 

The global effects of many adverse events such as the Covid-19 pandemic, the energy crisis, and the Russian-Ukrainian war, have affected the economy and exports. Indeed, despite these adversities, Turkey has turned crises into opportunities. Turkey reached the highest growth rates and export figures in its history. 

In 2021, the economy grew by 11.4%, the best level in the last 50 years. In addition, Turkey’s share of global exports rose above 1% for the first time.  Turkey achieved 6.2% economic growth in the first three quarters of 2022. More than half of this growth came from exports of goods and services. 

Highest Exports in the History of the Republic

Erdoğan highlighted that Turkey has become a country that manages crises and even turns them into opportunities. He then continued his remarks as follows: Despite the global negativities, our exports in 2022 increased by 12.9% compared to last year and amounted to 254.2 billion dollars. This figure is a record in the history of the Republic. More than 30,000 companies realized exports in 2002. In addition, more than 9,700 companies started exporting for the first time in 2022. In the same period, the number of provinces exporting more than 1 billion dollars increased from 5 to 24, leaving no province in Turkey that does not export. 

Exports to the European Union Increased

EU member states are among Turkey’s most important trading partners. Therefore, exports to the EU are of great importance. Turkey increased its exports to the EU by 12% in 2022 compared to last year. 

In addition, Turkey’s exports increased by 19.3% to the Near East and the Middle East, 17.1% to North America, and 9.8% to North Africa. In 2022, exports were realized in the Turkish lira to 197 countries and regions. Furthermore, the volume of foreign trade in the Turkish lira reached nearly 350 billion.

2022 Export Data by Sector and Country

Looking at 2022 export data by sector, chemicals, and chemical products became the export champion of the year with a value of 33.5 billion dollars. The automotive sector, which ranked second, realized exports worth 31 billion dollars in the same year. Finally, ready-to-wear clothing and apparel, which has an important place in Turkey’s exports, ranked third with $21.2 billion.

Turkey’s top export destination in 2022 was Germany, a member of the EU. Germany was followed by the EU, Iraq, the United Kingdom, and Italy. In addition, Russia, Iraq, the US, Germany, and Romania were the countries with the highest export growth compared to last year. Turkey increased its exports to 162 countries and broke export records in 108 countries. In addition, the number of countries with exports of over 1 billion dollars reached 52.