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8 out of 10 Agriculture Sectors Increases Exports

Turkey’s agriculture increased its exports in 8 of its ten sectors last month and achieved 2 billion 574.9 million dollars in foreign sales.

Turkey’s exports surged by 17.3 percent in January, reaching $17.5B, according to figures from the Turkish Exporters Assembly (TIM).

Turkey’s exports of agricultural products also increased by 25.1% in January compared to the same period of the previous year and reached $2.5B.

Agriculture’s Share in Total Exports is 14.6%

The agricultural industry accounted for 14.6 percent of overall Turkish exports. The industrial sector’s exports climbed by 18.4% in January to $13B $122.6M, while the mining sector’s exports increased by 41.3% to $498.2M.

The Cereals, Pulses, and Oilseeds sector is Still the Leader

Looking at the sub-sectors, grains, pulses, oilseeds, and products continued to lead in agricultural product exports last month.

The cereals, pulses, oilseeds, and products sector made foreign sales of 848 million dollars in January.

Cereals, pulses, oilseeds, and their products generated $559.2M, aquaculture and animal products generated $301M, fresh fruits and vegetables generated $286.8M, and hazelnuts and their products generated $182.7M. It was followed by fruit and vegetable products with $173.3M, dried fruits and products with $119.7M, tobacco with $54.2M, olive and olive oil with $37.5M, and ornamental plants and products with $12.4M.

The Most Increase was in the Olives and Olive Oil Sector

With 8 out of 10 sectors within the agriculture group increasing their exports last month, the olive and olive oil sector increased their exports most with 135.5%. Cereals, pulses, oilseeds, and products with 41.5%, aquaculture, and animal products with 38.8%, fruit and vegetable products with 33.6%, furniture, paper, and forest products with 23.4%, and 15.4%, and dried fruit and products, ornamental plants and products with 3.5%, and fresh fruit and vegetable sectors with 3.1%.

Turkey’s Agricultural Exports Skyrockets

According to 2019 data, the global agriculture sector accounts for 3.5 trillion dollars in the global economy. The world agricultural economy, dominated by countries such as China, India, Indonesia, Brazil, the USA, and Japan, is a market where different countries are strong in terms of production. The fact that the top exporting countries in agriculture are the USA, Netherlands, Germany, France, and Brazil points to the importance of development and technology use in the agricultural economy. 

Agriculture in Turkey

Agriculture is one of the indispensable sectors in Turkey. With its contribution to employment, exports, and national income, this sector will continue to remain a developing sector in Turkey that will always be open to development. Turkey is a prominent country in the world market, with an output level of $10,000 per person employed in agriculture.

Terrain and Climatic Conditions of Turkey

More than 1000 meters of elevation cover 55.9% of Turkey’s total area. 62.5% of the country’s land is covered by areas having a slope of more than 15%. 1st, 2nd, and 3rd class quality soils account for 24.5% of all lands, with agricultural lands accounting for 90% of all lands. Agriculture occupies 26.3 million hectares of Turkey’s total land area of 77.9 million hectares.

In Turkey, there are three distinct climate types; continental climate, black sea climate, and Mediterranean climate. These climates also have subcategories and the continental climates present in Central Anatolia and the southeast exhibit fluctuation. This diversity is very beneficial for Turkey. As a result of these conditions, Turkey is a country that can grow a variety of fruits. This contributes to the development of Turkey in exports.

The Exports of Turkey is on the Rise

According to the data of TIM, Turkey’s exports increased by 21.4% in January-February 2022 compared to the same period of the previous year and reached $37,5B. The agricultural sector, which finished 2021 with record exports, is continuing apace this year. While Turkey’s exports continue to accelerate as a result of bilateral agreements with some countries and an increase in the number of companies in the export family, the agriculture sector continues to contribute significantly to Turkey’s exports.

The agricultural sector’s exports grew by 27.8% in the first two months of this year compared to the same time in 2021 and had the greatest January-February export in the Republic’s history, totaling $5,3B

Agriculture’s Total Share of Turkey’s Exports is 15,5% 

Cereals, pulses, oilseeds and goods, fruit and vegetables, dried fruit and products, aquatic products and animal products, furniture, paper, and forest products all reached a record in January-February exports.

Cereals, pulses, oilseeds and products $1,8B, fresh fruit and vegetables $540,6M, fruit and vegetable products 376 million 442 thousand dollars, dried fruits and products $247,5M, aquaculture and animal products 617 million 263 thousand dollars, furniture, paper, and forest products with $1,1B in this period achieved a record export.

Cereals, pulses, oilseeds, and products increased by 47%, fresh fruit and, vegetable sector by 2.5%, fruit and vegetable products by 36.8%, dried fruits and products by 12.4%, fishery products, and animal products by 45%, and furniture, paper, and forestry products by 26.7% during the same period.

The Highest Demand for Agricultural Exports from Iraq

Iraq had the largest demand for agricultural exports with record-breaking sectors. Cereals, pulses, oilseeds and products, aquaculture and animal products, furniture, paper, and forest products primarily to Iraq, fresh fruit and vegetable products primarily to Russia, fruit and vegetable products primarily to the United States, and dried fruits and products primarily to Germany.

Cereals, pulses, oilseeds, and products worth $360M were sent to Iraq, as were aquaculture and animal products worth $104M, and furniture, paper, and forest products worth $140M. Fresh fruit and vegetable products were exported for $123M to Russia, $61M to the United States, and $34M to Germany.

Istanbul is the Leader in Exports

Companies based in Istanbul earned the greatest foreign sales in industries that set new records for exports. Companies from Istanbul dominated the cereals, pulses, oilseeds and their products, aquaculture, and animal products, furniture, paper, and forest products, fruit and vegetable products, companies from Mersin dominated the fresh fruit and vegetable products sector, and companies from Izmir dominated the dried fruits and products sector.

Istanbul exported cereals, pulses, oilseeds, and their products worth $510M, aquaculture and animal products worth $105M, furniture, paper, and forest products worth $495M, and fruit and vegetable products worth $98M.

Cereal Exports Increased by 52.7% Compared to February 2021

Despite global negatives such as the pandemic, we can observe that grain exports are continually increasing in Turkey. 

Noting that IHBIR reached an export of $255M in February, a 26% rise over the same month the previous year, “Our sector exports of grains, pulses, oilseeds, and products climbed by 52.7% compared to the same month last year,” Okutur said. “Our sector’s exports were $969M in February,” he continued.

Turkey Is the International Market Leader in Agriculture Sector

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, agricultural national income has increased to ₺213.4 billion by 2109 and hazelnut, fig, cherry, and apricot crops of Turkey are highly popular among worldwide markets. Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Bekir Pakdemirli stated that the agricultural national income was ₺ 37 billion sixteen years ago and added: “During this period, our fruit production has increased from 13.3 million tons to 22.3 million tons, vegetable production from 25.8 million tons to 30 million tons, field crops production from 58 million tons to 64.4 million tons, and total plant production has increased from 98 million tons to 117 million tons.”

Turkey Is Self Sufficent in Terms of Africulture and a Leader in the Export Market

The annual growth rate in the agriculture sector was 2.8% between 2003 and 2019, and 3.3% in 2019. Turkey surpassed European countries such as the Netherlands, Spain, and France and became the leader with $48.5 billion of gross domestic product. It provides agricultural products to its population of 83 million, 50 million tourists, and more than 4 million refugees. Pakdemirli noted that the increase in production has a positive impact on the export sector. While it was $3.7 billion in 2002, the plant export has reached to $18 billion by 2019. Turkey is the leader in hazelnut, fig, cherry, and apricot production and export in the world with a $2.17 billion export income. It is among the first four countries regarding the production and export of 20 other crop varieties such as apple, melon, olive, tomato, eggplant, and pepper. Turkey provides 1827 different agricultural products to 193 countries. According to the president of the Federation of Fruit and Vegetables Commission Agents of Turkey Halil Öztürk, apple exports are expected to increase in particular. Turkey takes fifth place worldwide with its 2.7 million tons of apple production annually. Öztürk noted that their aim is that Turkey steps up to the first place within a couple of years.

Turkey Expects Growth in the Agriculture Industry After Launching the Digital Market

Turkey launched a digital agriculture market (DİTAP) to link producers and buyers. Agriculture and Forestry Minister Bekir Pakdemirli stated that this virtual market is to bring farmers, agriculture industries, cooperatives, wholesalers, retailers, agricultural input providers, and importers together on an online platform. Handling and logistic processes are expected to speed up dramatically with the help of the digital market while the accessibility to the agriculture market increases. Producers will earn more and consumers will gain access to cheaper crops through the virtual market. Pakdemirli added that DİTAP will be highly beneficial for agriculture planning since the ministry will control the price fluctuations occurring in the industry easily, inspect agricultural lands through satellite imaging, and create an overall standardization. The whole chain will be tracked from the very beginning when the seeds are sown to the consumers’ tables and planned cultivation will enhance. Agricultural lands will also be tracked with the help of virtual tracing, strengthening the fight against unregistered lands.

The Export Market in Turkey Expects a Boost

DİTAP will be open to international trades in the upcoming days. The export market is expected to expand significantly as the agricultural commodities will be sold directly and the prices will be more predictable in the digital market before the season starts. Even though it has been launched recently, the sales made on DİTAP have excessed ₺100 million. Pakdemirli said the goal is to reach billions. “When we reach a certain point, the inflation in the agriculture sector will reduce significantly,” he added. He reminded that Turkey takes the first place in agricultural production among European countries and is the first ten globally. According to Pakdemirli, Turkey has the potential to reach 40% of the world population and trade volume of $1.9 trillion. With the digital market launched, Turkey expects domestic and international growth in the agriculture industry.

Maintaining a Natural Diet Is a Must for Healthy Living

We are a part of nature and nature is a generous entity that it gives us everything we need to survive. While we can exist on processed foods, it is against what our bodies need and what our health depends on. After all, we are what we eat. That is why a healthy and natural diet should be an inseparable part of our lives. 21st century gave us fast-food, various additives and sugary drinks -all of which seem convenient at first glance but cause diseases at some point in our lives. They provide high energy when consumed, for sure, but not the same kind we get from the natural and unprocessed foods nature has to offer. Processed foods are weak in fiber, never letting us understand how much we are full after eating a whole pack. This amount of consumption leads to serious health issues such as obesity or heart and liver diseases. On the other hand, natural food is full of antioxidants and nutrients supporting our health; and even if they are sugary like fruits are, they also provide water and fiber that offer many health benefits such as boosting digestive function and metabolic health.

A Natural Diet Boosts Immune System

Our immune system depends on the types of nutrients we consume. Those who constantly eat processed foods are more likely to get sick compared to the people who maintain a natural diet. Your choices do not affect only one part of your body. When you consume processed and unnatural food, not only you put your heart or your liver in danger but also your skin or even your bran is affected dramatically from your diet. Eating natural food is the best thing you can do to have a clear, good looking skin and a healthy spirit along with fully functioning inner organs.