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Author Archives: Nisa Nur Özcoban

Best Summer Fruits to Import from Turkey

Thanks to its extensive natural vegetation, Turkey is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of fruit production. Its climate and soil variations created a great environment for fruit and vegetable growing. A single fruit might have hundreds of varieties, which is notably true in Turkey for pears, apples, and grapes.

The country is noted for its quantity of fruits as well as their outstanding flavor and quality. There are about 75 different types of fruit in this country.

In Turkey, the bulk of fruits and vegetables are cultivated locally and seasonally. Strawberries are delightful in June, but they are in short supply in December. The options change from month to month.

Some of Turkey’s most sought-after and adored fruit are cultivated throughout the summer months. Summer fruits are abundant in vitamins when consumed in season. By eating seasonally, you can get more natural nutrients and improve your health. Here are the top summer fruits you can import:

Green Plum

Green plums are a delightful and nutritious summer fruit. Plums grow well in a variety of soils and may be cultivated in a lot of circumstances. Irrigation is not required even in locations with a lot of rain. It can be consumed fresh or dry, and it can also be found in sweets, jams, and compotes.

Additionally, with 220.000 tons, Turkey is the world’s eighth-largest producer of plums. It exports to countries such as Germany, Saudi Arabia, Austria, Russia, and the Netherlands, among others.

Peach

Peaches are little fruits with a fuzzy peel and sweet white or golden flesh. Perfectly ripe peaches are one of life’s pleasures, and summer is the greatest season to find them. They can be eaten on their own or in a variety of cuisines. Furthermore, peaches are healthy and may provide a variety of health benefits such as improved digestion, smoother skin, and allergy relief. 

Turkey, which is the second in the world in peach and nectarine exports with an export of 170 million dollars in 2021, aims to be the world leader.

Strawberry

Strawberries are a popular ingredient in sweets and fruit dishes due to their bright red color, juicy texture, and sweetness. Strawberry is a delicious fruit that people all around the world enjoy. It is a vitamin-rich fruit that is available in both processed and fresh versions. It’s commonly used in jam, marmalade, and fruit juice.

Moreover, strawberry production and exports in Turkey are rapidly expanding. Strawberry manufacturing in Turkey began in the 1970s and quickly grew to gigantic proportions. They are grown in Aydin’s Sultanhisar district and are prized around the world for their high quality, flavor, and relatively long shelf life.

Apple

Apple is a popular fruit that is both nutritious and tasty. They are available in a variety of colors, ranging from red to green. Apples, which almost everyone enjoys, are highly healthful. Turkey ranks among the top three apple-producing countries in the world, with an annual output of 4.3 million tons.

Turkey’s apple exports are increasing year after year. India, Russia, and Iraq are among the countries that import the most apples from Turkey. From January to September 2021, Turkey earned 129 million dollars from apple exports.

Lemon

Lemon is a popular fruit that is used in little amounts to flavor dishes. They are high in vitamin C and flavor baked products, sauces, salad dressings, marinades, beverages, and desserts. In Turkey, lemons are produced in an area of approximately 360 thousand decares. In 2021, Turkey’s lemon exports increased by 7% compared to the year before. The country generated 293 million 301 thousand dollars of income from lemon exports in the same year. 

Pear

Pear is a delicious fruit that is commonly used to make marmalade, cake, pastry, jam, and a variety of other recipes. It’s one of those fruits that both adults and children enjoy. Turkey is the world’s fourth-largest producer of pears. The global annual pear production is approximately 24 million tons, with Turkey generating 500-550 thousand tons.

Apricot

Apricots are single-seeded, golden, meaty, tasty, firm fruits about the size of walnuts. Although it may be grown practically anywhere on the earth, it is most commonly found in the Mediterranean, Europe, and Asia.

Turkey has established itself as a significant apricot exporter. Apricot trees can be found in Turkey’s semi-arid and arid regions, as well as in sun-drenched and south-facing mountain ranges. Apricot farming is also common in the Aegean, Mediterranean, Central Anatolia, and Marmara regions.

Cherry

Cherry is a must-have for the summer season. Desserts, drinks, and jams contain them. Cherries have a high nutritional value and are high in nutrients. Turkey’s cherry output has surged as a result of growing international demand. Turkey is the world’s largest cherry producer, with an annual output of 639,564 tons. In 2020, Turkey’s cherry exports increased by 21.7 percent over the previous year. Turkish cherries have been exported to 62 different countries.

Avocado

It is a tropical fruit with seeds and a green rind. Avocado, which has grown in popularity in recent years and was formerly difficult to get even in markets, is now much easier to find.

Avocados are mostly farmed in the Turkish provinces of Antalya and Mersin. In Turkey, avocado output has expanded significantly during the previous five years. Finally, in 2020, the production of this fruit climbed by 40.5 percent over the previous year.

Factors Affecting A Productive Agriculture

Agriculture is a significant source of income in every country. Although not every country is characterized as an agricultural country, productivity is important in any small or large-scale agricultural activity. While natural and quality products are important for consumers, efficient and high-quality production is also important for farmers.

Agricultural productivity can be noted if a farmer receives more products than the previous year. But if the farmer expends more time and energy than usual, this efficiency cannot be claimed to be fully fulfilled. There are numerous inputs and outputs in agricultural production. It takes on many forms depending on various circumstances.

Factors affecting agricultural productivity can be examined under three headings. Because although efficiency may seem like a simple thing, natural, social, and economic details are important in efficiency.

What are Natural Factors?

Natural factors, as the name suggests, are factors that originate from nature itself. So, is it feasible to capitalize on natural factors? Undoubtedly, it is feasible. Natural elements can be assessed based on the farmer’s expertise. General factors such as weather conditions, soil fertility where the land is located, and soil structure can be examined in this group.

Climate

It can be said that climate is an indicator that determines the fate of every product. While some plants are more productive in the heat, some crops like cold and humid air. When the farmer’s production knowledge about the product is combined with this factor, efficient agriculture becomes possible.

Temperature, or climate, is one of the natural forces where there is the least chance of human involvement. Yes, there are specific circumstances, like greenhouses, but in terms of efficiency, greenhouses might not offer a significant return. Furthermore, although using natural means is less expensive, a greenhouse requires specialized equipment. Additionally, the vegetative phase, which is the stage of plant reproduction, is influenced by temperature. The products get more developed the more heat they receive throughout the vegetative phase.

Apart from temperature, precipitation is also one of the factors of the climate. For example, to grow rice, you must farm in a more rainy region. If the precipitation is not as much as expected, the product will be inefficient or of poor quality.

Factors such as the humidity requirement of the plant and the temperature required by the product are the factors that determine productivity in agriculture. What is meant by farmer experience is that the product that can be grown according to the climate or latitude should be selected. It is not impossible to grow the product suitable for tropical climates in the Black Sea climate. However, the productivity will not be the same.

Soil

One of the key elements influencing product quality and production is the soil.  Loose soils are not preferable when it comes to productivity because they are difficult to take root in or absorb water. Even when there is little to no rainfall, soils with deep roots are nevertheless able to keep trees and plants in place.

The presence of beneficial elements for plants in the soil, such as Zn, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, and Mo, significantly affects productivity. The materials in the soil affect the development of plants and are also important in their quality. These elements affect the product more efficiently when rain or irrigation water goes deeper. For this reason, Chernozem soils or Black Earth, which are the most fertile, are important. But the natural soil type of each region is different. For this reason, as in the climate factor, acting according to nature and planting the appropriate product should be what the farmer should do.

What are Social Factors?

Social factors are things related to the farmer’s knowledge or ownership of soil fertility. The conventional cultivation methods in society may prevent seeing the innovations that will provide advantages in agriculture. In addition, the joint ownership of the land to be planted may affect the planting rate as well as reduce the quality of the product.

Land Ownership

Land ownership can be a productivity issue for farmers. For example, on communal lands, crop yields may decrease when territorial integrity is divided. Or the fact that the elements such as irrigation systems and fertilization arising from land ownership cannot be fully established systematically are among the social factors.

Traditional Methods

The traditional method, which is also referred to as extensive agriculture, can lead to negativities in agriculture. Extensive agriculture should not be thought of as completely negative. A farmer who supports agriculture with only precipitation may not be able to meet the water needs of the product depending on natural factors. Socially, only traditional agriculture is used in the environment, and not using technology irrigation methods as a method causes the crops to be exposed to drought. In cases such as spraying and fertilizing the products, ignoring modern agriculture completely can cause a waste of energy and time.

What are the Economic Factors?

Farmers who can meet the economic conditions are more advantageous in production. Adequate equipment and a sufficient workforce will increase production as well as improve diversity.

Lawn Tool

The effectiveness of the equipment used for the land is another factor affecting agriculture. Being able to procure products with advanced technology that enables more efficient production and harvesting ensures that it is among the economic factors. The productivity of agriculture is also affected when the farmer has access to products in an economic context.

Agricultural productivity will rise if the farmer is in good financial standing since he can more easily obtain the machinery required for various goods. While using animals to plow was more popular in the past, using tractors today offers greater efficiency. Because taking a greater interest in the land has the benefit of saving time. The growth stages of the items on land are also close together since the soil is plowed by vehicles in a shorter amount of time.

Labour

Sufficient labor in field planting or crop harvesting ensures both growth and harvesting of the product in a quality manner. The fast collection of products like fruits and vegetables that mature in a short period of time affects the quality of the product. At the same time, the productivity of the soil will increase as the product is collected in a high-quality manner.

Trade Prospect

From an economic point of view, less demand balance also affects productivity. Although the two seem to be very far from each other, if the person who does not have any problems in terms of transportation can provide their products in line with demand, comprehensive and more efficient products are preferred. However, if planting is considered on land that can be easily accessed, the priority of the farmer will be rapid growth instead of production efficiency.

All these factors lead to results that increase or decrease productivity. However, whatever the factor in productivity, the most important element is that the farmers know both their soil and their product well.